US Family-based green card latest news

US Family-based green card latest news

US Family-based green card latest news: Complete list of US family green cards, How to apply for Family-Based Green Cards? with a detailed description of each green card. There are many people from different countries who want to immigrate to the US with a green card. That is why the US has come up with different types of US Immigrant Visa Green Cards that people can apply for. The main categories are:

US Family-based green card

A family-sponsored green card is an immigrant visa that allows applicants to join their close relatives in the United States. Close relatives can be your spouse, children, parents, or siblings, but more distant relatives such as grandparents and cousins ​​are not eligible.

  • Family Based Green Cards for people who want to join their families in the US
  • Employment-Based Green Cards for people who want to work in the US for a US employer
  • Diversity Visa for people with a low rate of immigration to the US
  • Returning Resident Visa for people who for reasons beyond their control could not return to renew their immigrant residence status

This article will describe family green cards, what they are, their types, requirements, how to apply, and other important information.

What is a Family-Based Green Card?

US Family-based green card latest news
US Family-based green card latest news

A Family Sponsored Green Card is an immigrant visa that allows the applicant to join their immediate family in the United States. Immediate relatives can be spouses, children, parents, or siblings, but more distant relatives such as grandparents and cousins ​​are not allowed.

You can live in any state you want, go to school, and work for an American employer. You can get a US driver’s license and drive in and out of the US within a certain period of time. If you do not violate visa regulations, you can also apply for naturalization in the United States after a certain period of time.

Depending on the type of family green card, there may be an annual limit on the number of visas issued. If the visa has an annual limit or restriction, the visa is processed in chronological order. So if you apply before you reach this year’s limit, your application will be processed. Otherwise, you have to wait until next year or your turn.

What types of family green cards are there?

There are several types of family green cards, and they vary depending on who your family members are and who lives in the United States. Those with family in the United States who are American citizens are eligible for the following visa types.

US Family-based green card latest news
US Family-based green card latest news

These visas are called instant family visas and have no annual limit. This means that as long as the requirements are met, any applicant will be considered, regardless of how many people are in advance.

  • IR-1 visa for the spouse of a US citizen
  • IR-2 visa for unmarried children under 21 years old of a US citizen
  • IR-3 visa for children adopted abroad by a US citizen
  • IR-4 visa for children to be adopted within the US by a US citizen
  • IR-5 visa as a Green Card for parents of US citizens who are at least 21 years old.

If your family members in the US are not US citizens, they must be lawful permanent residents (LPRs) or more distant relatives. The following applicants can apply for the following family visas:

  • The f-1 visa is given to unmarried sons and daughters of US citizens and their minor children
  • The f-2 visa is given to the spouse and minor children (F-2A visa), or adult children (F-2B visa) of US Lawful Permanent Residents
  • The f-3 visa is given to married children of US citizens who will go to the US with their spouses and minor children
  • The f-4 visa is given to siblings of US citizens who will go to the US with their spouses and minor children. For this visa to apply, the US citizen must be at least 21 years old.

Family Preference Visa, they have an annual limit on how much they can issue. The annual limit is 23,400 visas for F-1 visas, 114,200 visas for F-2 visas, 23,400 visas for F-3 visas, and 65,000 visas per year for F-4 visas. Once these limits are reached, the remaining applicants will be considered over the next few years

Family Based Green Cards requirements

Different family green cards apply to different people and have different requirements. The main requirement for all of them is that someone in the US must have a valid US address and their identity must be verified. This means they must have a valid document proving they are a US citizen or legal permanent resident.

US Family-based green card latest news
US Family-based green card latest news

In addition, applicants must have a clean criminal record and demonstrate that they have family ties to a person in the US. If the person is a spouse in the US, they must present a valid marriage certificate. If there is a relationship between the child and a parent or sibling, they must present a valid birth certificate.

How to apply for Family-Based Green Cards?

There are so many different Green Cards for families, and the application procedure can also be different. However, a general overview of the procedure can be found below.

How to Apply for a Green Card 2022

Most family green card applications are divided into two parts:

  1. US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
  2. When the petition is approved, the family member from the foreign country must apply to a US Embassy or Consulate in their home country

The US citizen/LPR petitions for their family to with the US citizen/LPR petitioning to the authorities. The petition must be approved, otherwise, the applicant cannot begin applying to the US Embassy for their visa.

file a petition

The petition can be completed by filing Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative. This petition must be completed by the US citizen/LPR in all required sections and submitted to USCIS. A fee must also be paid for processing the application.

The Department of Homeland Security processed it within months. Once processing is complete, the petitioner will be notified of the status. If the petition is denied, USCIS will tell you the reasons for the denial. If the application is approved, it will be sent to the National Visa Center (NVC). NVC will be the main point of contact for your family’s green card application.

NVC sends a package of information and instructions to applicants abroad. The packet will also include a case number and invoice ID number to initiate an application from a US embassy or consulate in a foreign country.

IR-2 visa Apply

There is no upper limit, so applicants do not have to wait to begin the process at the US embassy or consulate in their home country. However, in order to receive a family priority visa, a person must wait until the priority date is current before applying. The application has the following actions.

File Form DS-260

Form DS-260, Electronic Application for Immigrant Visa, is a required form for all immigrant visa applicants. The application can be accessed using the NVC case number that links it to your case and the approved petition.

Applicants or those assisting them must complete all required sections, which will include questions about the applicant’s information, background, and purpose for immigrating to the United States. When you file Form DS-260, you will receive an acknowledgment page and a number to attach attachments to.

Complete Medical Examination

The United States has certain medical and vaccination requirements for its citizens and immigrants. Anyone wishing to immigrate to the United States must undergo the necessary medical examinations and vaccinations.

The NVC packet that applicants receive after their application is approved will detail what medical procedures applicants will need to undergo and what vaccinations they will need. Documentation and examinations must be completed and signed by an authorized physician. These documents will be attached to your supporting documents, which you will then send to the NVC.

Documents file

In addition to your application, you should attach various supporting documents so that the NVC can better explain why you should be allowed to immigrate to the United States. Supporting documents must be submitted to NVC and include the following information, but NVC may request additional documentation:

  • Your valid passport for more than 6 months after your planned entry into the US
  • A signed Form I-864, Affidavit of Support from the US petitioner
  • Form DS-260 confirmation page
  • Medical examination and vaccination documents
  • Two US Visa photographs per individual according to the Photo Requirements
  • Court and criminal records and/or police certificate
  • If you served in the military, you must bring your military records

Attended Interview

Applicants in the US must attend an interview at the US Embassy or Consulate where they are applying. NVC will first make sure you have submitted all the required documents and then schedule an interview. You must attend the interview on the scheduled date and time and answer all the interviewer’s questions.

Get the NVC package and go to USA

If the family’s green card is approved, the person can travel freely to the United States. The visa will be stamped in their passport and the embassy will give them a packet to take with them when they first enter the US. This package must not be opened under any circumstances. Only US immigration officials at any US port of entry can open it and decide whether the applicant should be admitted to the country.

What are the costs to pay for green cards for families?

There are several fees that the sender and applicant must pay during the application process for family-based green cards. The amounts vary and are determined by USCIS,

The Department of Homeland Security, and the individual U.S. embassy or consulate where it applies. The main categories of fees payable are as follows:

  • Form I-130 filing fee
  • Processing fee for the Form DS-260
  • Medical examination and vaccination fees
  • Fees to get and translate all the supporting documents
  • USCIS Immigrant Fee which you must pay after you receive your visa and before you travel to the US. USCIS will not issue you a Green Card without you paying this fee.

How to get an LPR status?

The next step after receiving your family green card visa is to become a lawful permanent resident of the United States. This is generally referred to as obtaining a green card. To change your status from your immigrant visa to an LPR, you must first have a USCIS-approved petition and visa and be a resident of the United States. you must file Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status to USCIS. This form will be processed and if approved you will get your Green Card.

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