Draupadi Murmu Biography
New President Of India Draupadi Murmu Biography: Draupadi Murmu (Was born 20 June 1958) is an Indian politician who is the 15th and current President of India since 25 July 2022. She is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
She is the first person belonging to the tribal community and also the second woman after Pratibha Patil to hold the President’s office. Prior to her presidency she served as the ninth Governor of Jharkhand between 2015 and 2021, and held various portfolios in the cabinet of Government of Odisha between 2000 to 2004.
Before entering politics, she worked as a clerk in the State Irrigation and Power Department from 1979 to 1983, and then as a teacher in Rairangpur until 1997.
Draupadi Murmu Scripts History
|Draupadi Murmu||Was born 20 June 1958|
Draupadi Murmu was born to a Santali family on 20 June 1958, in Uparbeda town within the Baidaposi region of Rairangpur, Odisha. Her father Biranchi Narayan Tudu was a rancher. Her father and granddad were conventional heads (assigned Sarpanch) of the town committee (Gram Panchayat). Her family named her Puti Tudu. She was renamed by her school instructor to Draupadi, and her title was changed a few times to those including Draupadi and Dorpdi within the past.
Murmu studied elementary education at the local primary school in Uparbeda. At age five, she moved to Bhubaneswar for higher studies. She completed secondary education from Girl’s High School Unit-2, and graduated in B.A. from Rama Devi Women’s College.
She married Shyam Charan Murmu, a banker, in 1980 with whom she had two sons and a daughter. Her husband, two sons, mother, and a brother all died in a span of 7 years, from 2009 to 2015.She is a follower of the Brahma Kumaris spiritual movement.
From 1979 to 1983, Murmu worked as a junior partner at the water system office of the Government of Odisha. From 1994 to 1997, she at that point worked as a instructor at the school Sri Aurobindo Indispensably Instruction and Inquire about Middle in Rairangpur, where she instructed Hindi, Odia, Math’s and Geography. She never claimed for a full compensation at the school.
In 1997, Droupadi Murmu was chosen as the councilor of the Rairangpur Nagar Panchayat as an free candidate from a saved situate for women.She at that point joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). She won the 2000 Odisha Administrative Get together race from Rairangpur Get together voting public and served two terms within the Odisha Authoritative Gathering between 2000 and 2009.
Amid the BJP and BJD consolidation government in Odisha, she was the Serve of State with Autonomous Charge for Commerce and Transportation from 6 Walk 2000 to 6 Eminent 2002, and Fisheries and Creature Assets Improvement from 6 Admirable 2002 to 16 May 2004.
Droupadi Murmu becomes India’s first tribal woman president
She won the 2000 Odisha Legislative Assembly election from Rairangpur Assembly constituency and served two terms in the Odisha Legislative Assembly between 2000 and 2009. During the BJP and BJD coalition government in Odisha, she was the Minister of State with Independent Charge for Commerce and Transportation from 6 March 2000 to 6 August 2002, and Fisheries and Animal Resources Development from 6 August 2002 to 16 May 2004.
In 2007, she received the Neelkanth Award for the Best MLA of the Odisha Legislative Assembly. In 2009, she lost the Lok Sabha election from Mayurbhanj Lok Sabha constituency as the BJD and BJP alliance had ended. She was elected to the BJP National Executive (ST Morcha) in 2013, and was the district president till 2015.
Religion and land bill
In 2017, she approved the Freedom of Religion Bill, 2017, and the bill to amend the Land Acquisition 2013 Act passed by the Jharkhand Assembly.
The new religion bill makes it an offence subject to a penalty of three years in prison, to coerce or lure a person to convert their religion. If the person coerced is a member of a Scheduled Caste or tribe, a minor, or female, the prison term increases to four years. Fines can be levied in any case. The bill also made it mandatory for voluntary converts, to inform the Deputy Commissioner about their conversion, and to give full details about the circumstances.
The amendments in the Land Acquisition Act, 2013, involved changes in the compensation duration and requirements for social impacts assessment. According to the passed law, monetary compensation for government acquisition of tribal land must be paid within six months of acquisition. The requirement for social impact assessments was dropped for some types of infrastucture projects.
In June 2022, the BJP nominated Murmu as the National Democratic Alliance (NDA)’s candidate for President of India for the 2022 election the following month. Yashwant Sinha, was nominated as the candidate for President by the opposition parties.During her election campaign, Murmu visited various states seeking support for her candidature.
Several opposition parties like BJD, YSRCP, JMM, BSP, SS, JD(S) among others had announced support for her candidature prior to polling.On 21 July 2022, Murmu secured a clear majority in the 2022 Presidential election defeating common opposition candidate Yashwant Sinha with 676,803 electoral votes (64.03% of total) in 21 of the 28 states (including in the union territory of Puducherry) to become the 15th President of India.
She was elected as the President of India and assumed office on 25 July 2022. She took oath of office on the Central Hall of Parliament by the Chief Justice N. V. Ramana.
She was the first person from India’s designated tribal communities to be elected president. She is the youngest and first individual born after India’s independence in 1947 to have been elected president.Murmu is only the second woman after Pratibha Patil to serve as the President of India.
A Parliamentary delegation from Mozambique, called on the President of India Draupadi Murmu, and paid visit to the Rashtrapati Bhavan in July 2022, led by the speaker of Assembly of Mozambique. This was the first international delegation visit after her assumption of the office on 25th of July. Murmu also stated that “India and Mozambique enjoy close friendly relations with regular exchange of high-level visits between the two countries.
She follows the BJP party line on Hindi being the national language of India and their support of Hindu nationalism (Hindutva), as well as the alleged benefits of cow urine. She supports BJP’s 2020 Indian agriculture acts (commonly known as the farm laws).
The Chief Justice of India, Shri Justice N.V. Ramana administering the oath of the office of the President of India to Smt. Draupadi Murmu, at a swearing-in ceremony in the Central Hall of Parliament, in New Delhi on July 25, 2022.
Murmu has expressed admiration for India’s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. She has hailed Mahatma Gandhi and also B. R. Ambedkar for his contributions in making the Constitution of India.